Feeding Koi

Hand Feeding Koi

In addition to the peace and tranquility of Pond Keeping, spending time with your Koi can be equally rewarding. Koi are very sociable and love a crowd of friends. They are less apt to be shy when they are in a large group.

Feeding Koi

Your Koi will eat from your hand, provided you have the patience to earn their trust and friendship. Here are a few helpful hints:

  • Feed them in the same place every time.
  • Drop a small handful of pellets and stay there to observe.
  • The bravest or hungriest will start to eat and the rest will follow.
  • They must see you when they eat.
  • Don't walk away from the pond before they start to eat.
  • Withhold food for a day if they won't eat in front of you.

Gradually, the Koi will equate you with food. This usually takes about 3 to 5 days. Tease them closer with small sprinklings of food. Put your hands in the water while they eat. The Koi will learn that food comes from your hand. Start with just a few pellets.

The bravest Koi will soon be nudging your hand. It is only a matter of time and all of your fish will be swimming, jumping and splashing toward you every time you walk by the pond.

Koi Feeding Guide

A Koi's metabolism functions best at temperatures above 70° F. High protein foods are difficult to digest when the water falls below 65° F.

However, Koi still need sufficient carbohydrates for energy when water temperatures are low. This is particularly true for Koi less than 1 year old.

Squash, bread, peas, citrus fruits, and watermelon are good sources of carbohydrates. Never overfeed your fish! Koi do not have a stomach. Feed smaller quantities more frequently for better nutritional absorption.

Feed only as much as the fish will eat in about 3-5 minutes. Koi pellets should be fresh and used within three months to prevent oxidation of the food.

Water Temp. (°F.)Feeding FrequencyFood Type
Less than 50ºF.Do not feed Koi.Temperatures at 50° F. of more than one month may require supplemental feedings of low protein and high carbohydrates.
50-55ºF2-3 times a week if Koi are hungry.High carbohydrate, low protein, laxative type foods. Wheat germ, Cheerios®, squash, lettuce and brown bread.
55-59ºF4-5 times per week if Koi are hungry.Add low protein (25%) pellets along with vegetables. Increase quantities gradually as temperature increases.
59ºFOnce per day six days per week.Low protein (25%) pellets along with high carbohydrate vegetables and fruit.
60-65ºFOnce per day every day.Gradually increase protein in pellets (35%) and quantity of pellets. Vary diet with vegetables and fruit.
65-72ºFOnce or twice per day.Bulk of diet should be 35% protein pellets. Add fruits, vegetables, and plankton for variety.
72-80ºF3 to 4 times per day.High protein pellets (35% to 40%) with color enhancers. Add plankton, vegetables, fruits, and shrimp.

Kodama Koi Food Feeding Guide For Your Koi

Water Temperature50-55 F55-61 F61-65 F65-73 F73-77 FOver 77 F
10-13 C13-16 C16-18 C19-23 C23-25 COver 25 C
Frequency1 / Week1 / Day2 / Day3 / Day4 / Day5 Or More / Day
Kodama Koi Food Wheat Germ
Kodama Koi Food Color Up

  • Yellow color indicates water temperature that koi can be fed.
  • Food amount each time is as much as koi can finish within 5 – 10 minutes.
  • Soluble vitamins can be quickly dissolved in water. This will pollute water and cause the loss of the nutrition. Please make sure there are no leftovers in the water.

Storage Guide for Kodama Koi Food

  • Kodama Koi Food is packed in an aluminum bag. The quality is stable for three years following the time of manufacture.
  • Once opened, please store the food in a cool and dry place.
  • Repackage the food into a smaller portion (about a day) to feed your koi.
  • Please avoid sunlight. Direct sunlight may compromise the ingredients.